Though India is a wonderful place to visit, a lot are discouraged by the climate of most its areas.
For those who wish to see nature and avoid extreme heat, there are the so-called hill stations that were established by the British during their colonial rule. These small towns located on hillsides were made primarily as areas of respite for the British especially during the long and hot summers.
History of Mussoorie
The name of the place is often attributed to a shrub “Mansoor” that is unique to the area. In fact, one should not be surprised if locals refer to the town as Mansoori as this is its local name. Not a lot of historically significant events happened here until 1959, when the Dalai Lama fled Tibet and settled in this particular town. Eventually, the wise man and some of his followers moved to Dharamshala, but the rest have decided to stay and maintain the Tibetan community in the area. An estimated 5,000 Tibetans live in the Mussoorie area today. This hill station also known as gateway to Yamunotri and Gangotri, famous Hindu temples of Garhwal Uttarakhand.
Tourism in Mussoorie
Although it is the cold that calls out to the people to come to this town, the very same people stay for the scenery. One of the more popular destinations for tourists and backpackers would be “Camel’s Back Road”, which gets its name from a rock formation along the road which looks very much like a camel’s back. Tourism is strong along this road because it also provides access to other sites, such as Gun Hill. Though it has not sounded cannon for quite some time, it bears its name because it used to hold a huge cannon that was fired on a daily basis.
The same road also has a cable car that allows tourists to visit St. Mary’s church. This is the oldest Christian church located in the Himalayas. The Indian government has recognized its importance in the tourism industry, and so the church is now well maintained.
Nature being a major driver for tourism, the government has developed a number of picnic spots on this hill in order to give tourists a place to lounge around and relax. Municipal garden is one area that has been well developed. It holds a beautiful garden, as well as a small, artificial lake that has boating facilities. A newer facility, Mussoorie Lake, also has an artificial lake, but it comes with a view of the valley below. Most tourists enjoy the view that is available at night.
If water is something that would complete the day, then there are three spots to choose from. There is Bhatta falls, Jharipani falls and Mossy falls. All places are surrounded by greenery and are well developed. Swimming is most comfortable in Bhatta falls as there are several pools to choose from.
India is not only about hot places. Though a huge portion of it does cross the equator, there are lands that are both north and south of this temperate border, and elevations that are high enough to keep tourists cool even during the summer days.
- Area: 65 km2
- Population: 26,000
- Elevation: 1,876 meters
- Geographical Location: 30° 27? 0? N, 78° 4? 48? E
- Climate: Temperate
- Primary Rainy Season: June to September
- Temperatures: Summer: 15 – 30 deg C; Winter: 0 – 10 deg C
- Languages: Hindi, English and Garhwali
- Best Season: April, May, September to November
- Places to Visit: Camel’s Back Road, Gun Hill, St. Mary’s Church